Australia's agricultural sector is underprepared for cyber attacks and must act now to better protect sensitive commercial data.
An organisation focused on the long-term prosperity of producers has warned they must learn from the health sector, which became a cyber crime target after digitising patient records.
AgriFutures Australia released a report on Monday calling for industries to take urgent action.
"In recent years there has been a rapid uptake of technology, and with this, an increased risk of digital attacks," the report said.
"Australia's agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors are in a similar position to where the health system was five years ago, a slow but gradually increasing adoption of new technologies, with a largely unmanaged cyber security risk."
The group found hackers were seeking to profit from agricultural research, intellectual property and other commercial sensitive data, including through online payment portals and computerised machinery.
Lucrative personal and financial information was being put at risk, exposing people to identity theft.
A survey of about 1000 agriculture, fisheries and forestry producers found they overestimated threats from activists and competitors, while underestimating the risk of supply chain data breaches.
"This points to the possibility that the sectors don't really understand their cyber threats as well as they should," the report said.
It also found many organisations had not adopted comprehensive cyber security controls.
People on average reported their understanding of and confidence in cyber risk as 3.5 out of 5, while just 16 per cent had an incident response plan in place.
Many respondents also lacked the ability or knowledge of how or where to get assistance for a cyber attack.
Ransomware, phishing, scam emails, malware and data breaches were among the most common attacks.
Last year, wool sales across the country were halted for more than a week after hackers disabled the sector's major trading system.
Australia exports between $60 million and $80 million of wool a week. During the ransomware attack, about 70,000 bales scheduled for sale were grounded.
Australian Associated Press
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